Pros and cons of needle exchange programs
This week, a former inmate named steven simons and four hiv/aids advocacy groups filed a lawsuit against the federal government for failing to provide needle exchange programs in prisons. Rehab programs in tallahassee : drug rehab #[ rehab programs in tallahassee ]# find out how you can start rehab today rehab programs in tallahassee in patient treatment facility free rehab facilities in alabama needle exchange program pros and cons stutzman addiction treatment center buffalo ny. Now that we know the pros of needle exchanges, what’re the cons well, opponents of needle exchanges argue they perpetuate addiction they argue that illegal drugs are, well, illegal and needle exchanges allow illegal behavior to continue.
The operators of the needle exchange argue that a 2006 state law decriminalizing the possession and distribution of hypodermic needles trumps a 1993 law, which requires needle exchange programs to receive approval from the state department of public health and local officials. Needle exchange programs are activity supported by the centers for disease control and prevention and the national institute of health although the pros and cons of these programs may be community-specific, there are some general trends that can be evaluated. Sterile needle and syringe access may include needle and syringe exchange (nse) or the legal, accessible, and economical sale of needles and syringes through pharmacies, voucher schemes, and physician prescription programs. As with the overwhelmingly positive evaluations of community-based needle and syringe programs, 11,12,13,14,15 pnsp evaluations are consistently positive and have shown pnsps to be effective at reducing behaviours that contribute to hiv and hepatitis c transmission, such as the sharing of injection equipment 16,17,18,19.
Needle exchange programs in big cities are helping, and fewer blacks and hispanics are becoming infected that way the spread of both hiv and hepatitis c is now becoming more common in whites, the. Arguments against sterile syringe programs (once in a review of sixteen syringe exchange programs and the e riley, and d vlahov, “the effect of a needle exchange program on. Effectiveness of sterile needle and syringe programming in reducing hiv/aids prevention and control 3syringes - supply and distribution 4needles - supply and distribution 5needle-exchange programs 6review literature 7evidence-based medicine iworld health organization users accessible to a policy-making and program-ming audience. Thus the benefits from syringe exchange programs are multi-faceted, reducing the transmission of hiv, hcv, and other infectious diseases as well as increasing access to treatment for drug addiction however, it requires a realistic mindset in our society’s approach to drug use and addiction. If the county decides to start a needle exchange program, buncich said, it will take a lot of planning and coordination to get it up and running it's a step in the right direction, buncich said.
Federal funding for needle–exchange programs — a controversial concept that public health advocates have long argued prevents the spread of hiv and other diseases — is about to be prohibited. The public health impact of needle exchange programs in the united states and abroad summary, conclusions and recommendations (this logo was developed by the centre québécois de coordination sur le sida of the ministry of health. A needle and syringe programme (nsp), syringe-exchange programme (sep), or needle exchange program (nep) is a social service that allows injecting drug users (idus) to obtain hypodermic needles and associated paraphernalia at little or no cost.
Harm reduction is a public health philosophy and intervention that seeks to reduce the harms associated with drug use and ineffective drug policies a basic tenet of harm reduction is that there has never been, and will never be, a drug-free society. The needle exchange program the needle exchange program is very vital, and throughout this paper i will discuss the pros and cons about the program and i will discuss the reasons surrounding why the program was started. Ontario needle exchange programs: best practice recommendations carol strike phd, centre for addiction and mental health lynne leonard phd, cqsw, university of ottawa margaret millson md, mhsc, frcpc, university of toronto susan anstice msc, centre for addiction and mental health natasha berkeley ba, centre for addiction and mental health emily medd bsc, university of ottawa. Needle exchange is common elsewhere in the world, with official programs being operated in at least 46 countries, including countries such as iran, china, and russia, where illicit drug use is often treated far more harshly than is constitutionally possible in the united states. Keywords needle syringe program, primary care, injecting drug users, low-threshold health care, syringe exchange needle syringe programs (nsps) or syringe exchange pro- a separate source of health care for idus, mainly because grams (seps) increase access to and encourage utilization nondrug users very rarely access these and idus do not of.
Pros and cons of needle exchange programs
Needle and syringe exchange programs, a form of harm reduction, are locations in which injection drug users can exchange old syringes or simply get fresh ones additionally, they often have educational resources about safe injection practices, counseling, hiv-testing, and information about drug rehabilitation programs. Persons who inject drugs should use a new, sterile needle and syringe for each injection (1) syringe exchange programs (seps) provide free sterile syringes and collect used syringes from injection-drug users (idus) to reduce transmission of bloodborne pathogens, including human immunodeficiency. The pros and cons of neps the pros and cons of neps idus obtain syringes: illegally, at a pharmacy, or at a needle exchange program (nep) needle exchange programs access to sterile injection equipment educate safe injection practices hiv/aids education safer sex practices. Pros and cons of needle exchange programs the needle exchange program the needle exchange program is very vital, and throughout this paper i will discuss the pros and cons about the program and i will discuss the reasons surrounding why the program was started aids has been a growing epidemic through the 1990’s and it was estimated by the.
As a simple example, if there is a reduction in hiv incidence but the needle exchange program failed to exchange a single needle, it is not reasonable to conclude that the needle exchange program was responsible for the decline, regardless of the strength of the design underlying the hiv incidence data. Understanding needle exchange programs harm reduction programs don’t have the long-term efficacy of inpatient drug treatment, but they are often the best way to prevent people from causing irreversible damage to themselves and othersone of the most controversial of these programs is needle exchange – a policy which some nations have already implemented. Major pros and cons pros: needle exchange programs reduce the risk of sharing contaminated needles by offering clean needles and disposing of used needles. Needle-exchange programs have proven they can cut the death rate and the spread of hiv and hepatitis caused by sharing dirty syringes but they don’t address the less tangible issues that lead.
A clinical trial on the needle exchange program was conducted in 2003 and concluded that these programs did not cause a rise in drug injection (fisher dg, fenaughty am, cagle hh, wells rs (june 2003. Moreover, a study of overseas needle exchange programs has found a similar rise in hiv/aids of special concern is the rise in the number of cases of hepatitis c there seems to be a close correlation between the number of needles exchanged and the spread of hepatitis c.